- Exterior Remodeling

Natural Stone Paving Terminologies: A complete Guide

The quality of Natural Stone is high, and installation is easy, making it the best choice for tile and paving. There are million so pavers all around the globe but Natural stone pavers in Sydney is favorite for many householders and corporates.

Natural Stone Paving

It’s a good idea to first and foremost understand the terminology used in the market.  A few selected and most commonly utilized terms of natural stone which people might come across while purchasing are:

  • Acid washed – While doing an acid wash some of the sand gets exposed leaving a texture, which is acid washed.
  • Antique – When the stone goes through various processes the resulting effect is aged or a worn-out look is called antique.
  • Brushed – This is mainly done on unfilled travertine and sometimes on sandstone. Here the aging process creates a smoother but a worn-out look.
  • Bull Nose – This is semi-circular, or half rounded edge applied to thick slabs wherever sawn edge is not preferred, or it is unsafe. Can be seen on bath surrounds, vanity tops work surfaces, etc.
  • Calibrated, Uncalibrated – When the quarry stone thickness is cut evenly, it is calibrated. When the depth of tiles varies, it is uncalibrated.
  • Crosscut – This gives stone cross-section and is cut horizontally.
  • Cobble – This is a smaller version of antique.
  • Cushioned – Before meeting the sawn edge, the cushioned edges slope gently. Also called pillow edge.
  • Durability – This is best described as how well a stone can withstand everyday footfall and wear and tear. Higher durability will be used in commercial areas. Medium to lower durability is utilized in residential areas.
  • Filled – Here all the naturally formed holes are filled with resin thus forming a smooth and honed surface on the stone.
  • Flag – A sizeable sized stone, i.e. slab mostly used outside on paths, driveways, and patios. They are available in many styles, and edgings.
  • Flamed – To make the surface non-slippery, the stone is heat treated. Thus, making it distressed.
  • Honed – Here the stone is made smooth and matted with a machine.
  • Nominal – It has a small variation in thickness.
  • Polished – At the quarry itself during the production process a high-class gloss finish is given by buffing the tiles, thus making the surface reflective.
  • Porosity – The porosity of stone is reduced by filling with a seal, or else the stone absorbs moisture.
  • Rustic – Similar to antique.
  • Sandblasted – Or Shot blasted. As the name suggests, sand is sprayed like a shot with high speed on the stone to make the surface non-slippery.
  • Tumbled – It is a conventional technique of stone aging to give a textured surface.
  • Unfilled – When the stone is cut in the production process, pits are created which act like air pockets. They are semi-filled while fitting with grout. Hence, the surface becomes naturally textured.
  • Vein cut – This is just the opposite of crosscut. Here a vertical cut is given in the direction of sediment layers to expose differently colored stones.

If you are looking for stone paving services and need an in-depth review of the entire procedure of stone paving, then contacting the Natural stone pavers in Sydney would be a great option.

Whether you want to pave your driveway or recreational area in front of your office, Natural stone pavers in Sydney would get the job in a blink of an eye.

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